# AKTU B.Tech 1st Year Syllabus 2018-19 Pdf (Common for All Branches/Agriculture /BioTechnology)

**AKTU B.Tech 1st Year Syllabus 2018-19 Pdf** (Common for All Branches/Agriculture /BioTechnology) – AKTU B.Tech 1st 2nd Sem Syllabus 2018-2019 Academic session pdf file is now available at official website of AKTU under AKTU Syllabus Section. In this AKTU B.Tech 1st Year syllabus we cover all the subject i.e Physics Syllabus, Chemistry Syllabus, Mathematics-I Syllabus, Basic Electrical Engineering Syllabus, Programming for Problem Solving Syllabus, Engineering Graphics and Design Syllabus . This is the syllabus for AKTU B.Tech 1st sem 2018-19. The 1st sem B.Tech students can download the pdf file of syllabus online from its official website www.aktu.ac.in.

### AKTU Evaluation Scheme & Syllabus for B. Tech. 1st Year (All Branches except Agriculture & Bio Tech) AS PER AICTE MODEL CURRICULUM (Effective from the Session: 2018-19)

## AKTU B.Tech 1st Semester Syllabus 2018-19

**PHYSICS Syllabus**

**Module – 1 Relativistic Mechanics: [8] **

Frame of reference, Inertial & non-inertial frames, Galilean transformations, Michelson Morley experiment, Postulates of special theory of relativity, Lorentz transformations, Length contraction, Time dilation, Velocity addition theorem, Variation of mass with velocity, Einstein‟s mass energy relation, Relativistic relation between energy and momentum, Massless particle.

**Module- 2 Electromagnetic Field Theory: [8]**

Continuity equation for current density, Displacement current, Modifying equation for the curl of magnetic field to satisfy continuity equation, Maxwell‟s equations in vacuum and in non conducting medium, Energy in an electromagnetic field, Poynting vector and Poynting

theorem, Plane electromagnetic waves in vacuum and their transverse nature. Relation between electric and magnetic fields of an electromagnetic wave, Energy and momentum carried by electromagnetic waves, Resultant pressure, Skin depth.

**Module- 3 Quantum Mechanics: [8]**

Black body radiation, Stefan‟s law, Wien‟s law, Rayleigh-Jeans law and Planck‟s law, Wave particle duality, Matter waves, Time-dependent and time-independent Schrodinger wave equation, Born interpretation of wave function, Solution to stationary state Schrodinger

wave equation for one-Dimensional particle in a box, Compton effect.

**Module- 4 Wave Optics: [10]**

Coherent sources, Interference in uniform and wedge shaped thin films, Necessity of extended sources, Newton‟s Rings and its applications. Fraunhoffer diffraction at single slit and at double slit, absent spectra, Diffraction grating, Spectra with grating, Dispersive

power, Resolving power of grating, Rayleigh‟s criterion of resolution, Resolving power of grating.

**Module- 5 Fibre Optics & Laser: [10]**

Fibre Optics: Introduction to fibre optics, Acceptance angle, Numerical aperture, Normalized frequency, Classification of fibre, Attenuation and Dispersion in optical fibres. Laser: Absorption of radiation, Spontaneous and stimulated emission of radiation, Einstein‟s coefficients, Population inversion, Various levels of Laser, Ruby Laser, He-Ne Laser, Laser applications.

## CHEMISTRY Syllabus

**Atomic and Molecular Structure: Module-1 [08]**

Molecular orbital‟s of diatomic molecules. Band theory of solids. Liquid crystal and its applications. Point defects in solids. Structure and applications of Graphite and Fullerenes. Concepts of Nanomaterials and its application.

**Spectroscopic techniques and Applications: Module-2 [08]**

Elementary idea and simple applications of Rotational, Vibrational, Ultraviolet& Visible and

Raman spectroscopy.

**Electrochemistry Module-3 [08]**

Nernst Equation and application, relation of EMF with thermodynamic functions (∆H, ∆F and ∆ S). Lead storage battery. Corrosion; causes, effects and its prevention. Phase Rule and its application to water system.

**Module-4 [08]**

Water Analysis; Hardness of water, Techniques for water softening (Lime-soda, Zeolite, Ion exchange resin and Reverse osmosis method).

Fuels: classification of fuels, Analysis of coal, Determination of calorific value (Bomb calorimeter and Dulong‟smethos).

**Module-5 [08]**

Polymer; Basic concepts of polymer-Blend and composites, Conducting and biodegradable polymers. Preparation and application of some industrially important polymers (Buna-S, Buna-N, Neoprene, Nylon-6, nylon-6,6 and Terylene). General methods of synthesis of

organometallic compounds (Grignard reagent) and their applications.

## MATHEMATICS-I Syllabus

(Common to all B. Tech. Courses except B. Tech. (Biotechnology)&B. Tech. (Agricultural Engineering)

**Module 1: Matrices [08]**

Types of Matrices: Symmetric, Skew-symmetric and Orthogonal Matrices; Complex Matrices, Inverse and Rank of matrix using elementary transformations, Rank-Nullity theorem; System of linear equations, Characteristic equation, Cayley-Hamilton Theorem and its application, Eigen values and eigenvectors; Diagonalisation of a Matrix,

**Module 2: Differential Calculus- I [08]**

Introduction to limits, continuity and differentiability, Rolle’s Theorem, Lagrange’s Mean value theorem and Cauchy mean value theorem, Successive Differentiation (nth order derivatives), Leibnitz theorem and its application, Envelope, Involutes and Evolutes, Curve tracing: Cartesian and Polar co-ordinates.

**Module 3: Differential Calculus-II [08]**

Partial derivatives, Total derivative, Euler’s Theorem for homogeneous functions, Taylor and Maclaurin’s theorems for a function of one and two variables, Maxima and Minima of functions of several variables, Lagrange Method of Multipliers, Jacobians, Approximation of errors.

**Module 4: Multivariable Calculus-I [08]**

Multiple integration: Double integral, Triple integral, Change of order of integration, Change of variables, Application: Areas and volumes, Center of mass and center of gravity (Constant and variable densities),

**Module 5: Vector Calculus [08]**

Vector differentiation: Gradient, Curl and Divergence and their Physical interpretation, Directional derivatives, Tangent and Normal planes.

Vector Integration: Line integral, Surface integral, Volume integral, Gauss’s Divergence theorem, Green’s theorem, Stoke’s theorem ( without proof) and their applications.

**COURSE OUTCOMES**

1. Remember the concept of matrices and apply for solving linear simultaneous equations.

2. Understand the concept of limit, continuity and differentiability and apply in the study of Rolle,s , Lagrange,s and Cauchy mean value theorem and Leibnitz theorems .

3. Identify the application of partial differentiation and apply for evaluating maxima, minima, series and Jacobians.

4. Illustrate the working methods of multiple integral and apply for finding area, volume, centre of mass and centre of gravity.

5. Remember the concept of vector and apply for directional derivatives, tangent and normal planes. Also evaluate line, surface and volume integrals.

## BASIC ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING SYLLABUS

**Module – 1: DC Circuits [08]**

Electrical circuit elements (R, L and C), Concept of active and passive elements, voltage and current sources, concept of linearity and linear network, unilateral and bilateral elements, Kirchhoff‟s laws, Loop and nodal methods of analysis, Star-delta transformation, Superposition theorem, Thevenin theorem, Norton theorem.

**Module – 2: Steady- State Analysis of Single Phase AC Circuits [10]**

Representation of Sinusoidal waveforms – Average and effective values, Form and peak factors, Concept of phasors, phasor representation of sinusoidally varying voltage and current. Analysis of single phase AC Circuits consisting of R, L, C, RL, RC, RLC combinations (Series and Parallel), Apparent, active & reactive power, Power factor, power factor improvement. Concept of Resonance in series & parallel circuits, bandwidth and quality factor. Three phase balanced circuits, voltage and current relations in star and delta connections.

**Module – 3 : Transformers [08]**

Magnetic materials, BH characteristics, ideal and practical transformer, equivalent circuit, losses in transformers, regulation and efficiency. Auto-transformer and three-phase transformer connections.

**Module –**4 :** Electrical machines [08]**

DC machines: Principle & Construction, Types, EMF equation of generator and torque equation of motor, applications of DC motors (simple numerical problems) Three Phase Induction Motor: Principle & Construction, Types, Slip-torque characteristics, Applications (Numerical problems related to slip only) Single Phase Induction motor: Principle of operation and introduction to methods of starting, applications. Three Phase Synchronous Machines: Principle of operation of alternator and synchronous motor and their applications.

**Module – **5 :** Electrical Installations [06]**

Components of LT Switchgear: Switch Fuse Unit (SFU), MCB, ELCB, MCCB, Types of Wires and Cables, Importance of earthing. Types of Batteries, Important characteristics for Batteries.Elementary calculations for energy consumption and savings, battery backup.

## Programming for Problem Solving Syllabus

**Module – 1 : (Introduction to Programming) [08]**

Introduction to components of a computer system: Memory, processor, I/O Devices, storage, operating system, Concept of assembler, compiler, interpreter, loader and linker. Idea of Algorithm: Representation of Algorithm, Flowchart, Pseudo code with examples, From

algorithms to programs, source code.

**Programming Basics**: Structure of C program, writing and executing the first C program, Syntax and logical errors in compilation, object and executable code. Components of C language. Standard I/O in C, Fundamental data types, Variables and memory locations, Storage classes.

**Module – 2 : (Arithmetic expressions & Conditional Branching) [08]**

Arithmetic expressions and precedence: Operators and expression using numeric and relational operators, mixed operands, type conversion, logical operators, bit operations, assignment operator, operator precedence and associativity.

**Conditional Branching**: Applying if and switch statements, nesting if and else, use of break and default with switch.

**Module – 3 : (Loops & Functions) [08]**

Iteration and loops: use of while, do while and for loops, multiple loop variables, use of break and continue statements.

Functions: Introduction, types of functions, functions with array, passing parameters to functions, call by value, call by reference, recursive functions.

**Module – 4 : (Arrays & Basic Algorithms) [08]**

Arrays: Array notation and representation, manipulating array elements, using multi dimensional arrays. Character arrays and strings, Structure, union, enumerated data types, Array of structures, Passing arrays to functions.

Basic Algorithms: Searching &Basic Sorting Algorithms (Bubble, Insertion and Selection), Finding roots of equations, Notion of order of complexity.

**Module – 5 🙁 Pointer& File Handling) [08]**

Pointers:Introduction, declaration, applications, Introduction to dynamic memory allocation (malloc, calloc, realloc, free), Use of pointers in self-referential structures, notion of linked list (no implementation)

File handling:File I/O functions, Standard C preprocessors, defining and calling macros,

command-line arguments.

## Engineering Graphics and Design Syllabus

**Module 1: Introduction to Engineering Drawing, Orthographic Projections [08]**

Principles of Engineering Graphics and their significance, usage of Drawing instruments, lettering, Scales – Plain and Diagonal Scales

Principles of Orthographic Projections – Conventions – Projections of Points and Lines inclined to both planes; Projections of planes inclined Planes – Auxiliary Planes.

**Module 2: Projections and Sections of Regular Solids [08]**

Sections in lined to both the Planes – Auxiliary Views; Simple annotation, dimensioning and scale. Floor plans the include: windows, doors and fixtures such as WC, Both, sink, shower, etc.

Prism, Cylinder, Pyramid, Cone – Auxiliary Vies: Development of surfaces of Right Regular Solids – Prism, Pyramid, Cylinder and Cone.

**Module 3: Isometric Projections [08]**

Principles of Isometric projection – Isometric Scale, Isometric Views, Conventions; Isometric Views of lines, Planes Simple and compound Solids; Conversion of Isometric Views to Orthographic Views and Viceversa, Conversions.

**Module 4: Computer Graphics [08]**

Listing the computer technologies the impact on graphical communication, Demonstration knowledge of the theory of CAD software [such as: The Menu System, Tollbars (Standard, Object Properties, Draw, Modify and Dimension), Drawing Area (Background, Crosshairs, Coordinate System), Dialog boxes and windows, Shortcut menus (Button Bars), The Command Line (where applicable), The Status Bar, Different methods of zoom as used in CAD, Select and erase objects: Isometric Views of lines, Planes, Simple and compound Solids]; Set up of the drawing page and the printer, including scale settings, Setting up of units and drawing limits; ISO and ANSI standards for coordinate dimensioning and tolerancing; Orthographic constraints, Snap to objects manually and automatically; Producing drawings by using various coordinate input entry methods to draw straight lines, Applying various ways of drawing circles: Applying dimensions to objects, applying annotations to drawings; Setting up and use of Layers, layers to create drawings, Create, edit and use customized layers; Changing line lengths through modifying existing lines (extend/lengthen); Printing documents to pater using the print command: orthographic projection techniques; Drawing sectional views of composite right regular geometric solids and project the true shape of the sectioned surface; Drawing annotation, Computer-aided design (CAD) software modelling of parts and assemblies. Parametric and non-parametric solid, surface, and wireframe models. Part editing and two-dimensional documentation of models. Planar projection theory, including sketching of perspective,

isometric, Multiview, auxiliary, and section views. Spatial visualization exercises Dimensioning guidelines, tolerancing techniques; dimensioning and scale multi views of dwelling:

**Module 5: Demonstration of a simple team design project [08]**

Geometry and topology of engineered components: creation of engineering models and their presentation in standard 2D blueprint form and as 3D wire-frame and shaded solids; meshed topologies for engineering analysis and tool-path generation for component manufacture; geometric dimensioning and tolerancing; Use of solid-modelling software for creating associative models at the component and assembly levels; floor plans that include: windows, doors, and fixtures such as WC, bath, sink, shower, etc. Applying colour coding according to building drawing practice; Drawing sectional elevation showing foundation to ceiling; Introduction to Building Information Modelling (BIM).